Theoretically, the concept of management or organisation is vast, but practically speaking, it only requires a few skills to tackle any operational tasks at your job. Managing refers to planning, designing, coordinating, and leading to achieve the predetermined goals of the organisation. But all these things work upon a settled line of speculative principles. The management principles are a piece of practical situations and methods quoted hypothetically to give a managerial direction to your ideologies. Henry Fayol tailored these management principles.
These principles are corrective measures to the managerial problems you face, and Henry Fayol has divided them into 14 easy-to-understand statements for your general understanding.
14 Managerial Principles
1. Division of Work
Multitasking helps you get better at what you do efficiently; you can easily master your skills in time management and productivity by multitasking. Division of work includes assigning a task to your employees to test their strengths. You should identify the ability of your employees and comprehend their skills by giving them jobs they are good at. It will boost their morale and self-confidence, leading to better productivity.
Accountability and responsiveness should be your priority as a manager. As a manager, you should be accountable for handling and addressing all output-related issues. Your job is not only to authorise your employees to do a task you assigned but also to address their queries, mistakes, and shortfalls.
With accountability, another important issue gets into consideration is discipline. It should not only be limited to you and your employees but also be reflected in their work profiles by showing commitment to the tasks assigned. You should monitor their tasks and deadlines along with discipline and obey the general ground rules of your firm.
4. Unity of Command
Conflicting goals and tasks would be confusing for your employees as if they receive too many instructions on the same assignment from different people, they will not be able to figure out whose commands they should pay heed to. This demands a single command unit or instructing head who leads the employees and addresses their problems at hand. The chain of command, authorisation, and, most important, division of work should remain with a single head or manager. You should be the only one to take the call, and if you want to avoid any confusion among your employees regarding the chores being allocated, you should unitedly decide on the commanding channel.
5. Unity of Direction
It is necessary to maintain and design a plan before you act. In a nutshell, all your employees should act and plan in the same direction to avoid any conflicting ideas, goals, or projects. The path they choose to achieve the required target could be different, but the direction they are going in should be the same.
6. Subordination of Individual Interests
The individuality of an employee should not supersede the interests of the firm. Your employees should keep your firm’s interest on their priority list and then consider their personal growth and objectives. They must understand the fact that the growth of the firm will lead to their development and prosperity as a team effort, and subordination of individual interests will only lead to widening opportunities. This will help you run your organisation in a manner that does not hinder your people’s personal interests and allows you to do the best for your firm’s interests.
Rewarding your people for their success in the form of a paid holiday or check bonus will motivate your employee. This will help them recognise their potential, increase productivity, and encourage other employees to work even harder and better.
8. Degree of Centralization
Centralisation means an elaborative and crystal clear division of power that is balanced enough to be understood by your employees. Centralisation involves three basic levels of ordering bodies: upper, middle, and lower levels, but you can determine it based on the size of your organisation.
9. Scalar Chain
Misinterpretation or miscommunication of a single statement or order could easily cause a blunder. To avoid it, bold and clear statements should be issued to your employees requiring a scalar chain. The ideas and thoughts should be well communicated in your hierarchy chain.
In the words of Fayol, “The right man in the right place” implies that a working environment and abundant resources are enough for any employee to succeed at their job. You should assure your employees of the apt working environment and provide them with all resources they need to hit the target assigned by you.
Equality should be present in your workplace while maintaining discipline and decorum. All of your employees should feel a sense of belonging to the workplace and be handled in a manner that makes them believe they are a valuable and inevitable part of the organisation. No one at your workplace should feel disrespected or left out, as it will hinder their productivity and performance.
12. Stability of Tenure
Low turnover is absolutely fine at the beginning of an employee’s career. But, they should not remain worried that they will lose their jobs, and you should encourage them and assure them of the stability of their tenure. This will help them gain confidence in their skills and make them feel secure about their job.
Every employee holds an area of specialisation that makes them feel confident, and these special skills could help them leave an imprint in the firm with their quality of work. You should help them identify their field of interest and initiate a goal-driven strategy for the team.
14. Esprit De Corps
Helping employees to be confident is an important quality of a leader. You always have to help your employees to keep up their morale and confidence by encouraging them to take up new tasks and enhance their skills by teaching them new techniques. If they fail in one strategy, they should know they are valuable to your organisation.
Summing Up the Principles
All the above-written management principles are given by an expert you can rely on. These principles are wide-ranging and will help you address any managerial problem skillfully and positively. Leading your team should be your priority, and training them to be the best. As it significantly makes a difference to how you manage your employees. Consistency and goal-driven strategies are the two most important aspects of managing a team, and these should supersede any other conflicting interests you have. You should help your employees get comfortable with the tasks assigned to them and be transparent about their weaknesses and spheres of work in which they have to improve their skills.
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